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Seven Elements of Interior Design


Seven Elements of Interior Design

Interior design is the creative form of art with a combination of the principles of science. The creativity of interior designing does not flow without a few informal rules that every designer follows.

These rules or elements bring efficiency, functionality and increase productivity in your room alongside beautifying the whole area. This just goes to say that designing a room does not only consist of making it pleasing to the eyes but it should also be of optimum use.

With elements to bring everything in harmony and place, these unsaid rules are followed everywhere to get you your perfect rooms. So here is a guide to tell you about these informal rules that consist of the seven elements of interior design.


The most fundamental thing a designer starts to work with is the available space at hand. This is one of the most major elements of designing as it is bound by physical boundaries. A designer does not have the liberty to always change the area or length of space and thus needs to make the best out of the most that they are given.

Space can be divided into two, the positive and the negative space where the former consists of adding objects and accessories while the latter is the space you leave empty between the objects. Interior designing requires a perfect balance between the two to make a room look aesthetically pleasing.


Creating lines in a given space is essentially important to bring in a concept of unity and contrast. One can create lines with the help of room furnishings and also the structural design resources. There are main 3 types of lines.

  • Horizontal lines are generally created by surfaces such as tables and highlight the rooms to appear to be wider and longer with the eyes drawn to a focal point.
  • Vertical lines are created by doors and accentuating these lines often gives the illusion of the rooms becoming taller in view.
  • Dynamic lines could be described as curved lines such as stairs. These capture the attention of your guests and are overpowering than the horizontal and vertical lines.


The form is created with the help of the shape of the room and the accessories in it. They are distinguished as geometric or natural.

  • Geometric form refers to square edges or hard lines whereas
  • The Natural form reflects the organic form of the space

Form is also added by using similar shapes throughout the room to offer balance and harmony and gets proportion in a room setting.


Lighting is an essential component of interior designing as it sets the mood of the room. It brightens up the atmosphere while also makes sure that all your other elements are illuminated and are visible. Without perfect lighting, anything else in the room cannot be highlighted. However, when choosing a lighting solution one should also understand the functionality and use required in a particular area. The different types of lighting that should be considered are:

  • Task lighting
  • Accent lighting
  • Mood lighting


Colours can create an impression in the first look. Similarly, the colour of a room makes sure that it evokes a certain emotional or physical response in the visitor at one glance. It sets the mood of a room and also offers an insight into your lifestyle and choices.

  • When choosing colours one should keep in mind what the room is for. For example, if it is for a home office or a nursery.
  • A balance of natural and artificial lighting should be kept in mind to select the colour across your room.
  • The size of the space should also be kept in mind as a lighter colour make smaller rooms look bigger while darker colours give a more cosy room vibe.


The texture is the surface finish of your rooms. Designers often experiment with different textures to give a subtle sense of depth into your areas. Texture is played not only in the area but also in the accessories found in the rooms. Two forms of texture include- Visual( perceived by eye) and Actual(perceived by touch). In order to make it visually pleasing some of the textures used are:

  • Glossy
  • Course
  • Smooth


The pattern is an element which adds a certain amount of appeal to your rooms. It can be created by repetitive use of any design in your accessories for example in your rugs of fabrics or various types of wallpapers and colours. Pattern is implemented mostly based on the size and the styling of the room while also making sure that they do not overshadow other elements. Different types of patterns available include:

  • Stripes
  • Geometric
  • Pictorial
  • Organic
  • Motif
  • Animal Prints

However, not more than three patterns should be used at once.

These are the seven elements of interior design which can be implemented best with quality fabrics and the best of materials. Explore Skipper Furnishings today to create modern and contemporary homes and offices with premium options for your interior designing furnishings.


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